I unearthed that provincial-level opportunity substitution advantages from upcoming fuels was indeed somewhat smaller compared to those projected regarding modern-day fuels (Fig

I unearthed that provincial-level opportunity substitution advantages from upcoming fuels was indeed somewhat smaller compared to those projected regarding modern-day fuels (Fig

We felt low and large replacement advantages on the analyses as uncertainty regarding the replacement pros causes suspicion for the mitigation overall performance to possess time and you may products . 4), however, modern fuels had greater regional distinction, especially for places with high commercial times consult and you may reasonable society, similar to the conclusions away from an early on investigation . For future analyses, it could be best for has actually spatial information regarding future community and you will industrial fuel consumption for every single fossil fuels.

In secluded communities, strength use is changing https://datingranking.net/greek-dating/ by way of multiple apps (the new Brush Opportunity to own Rural and you may Secluded Teams (CERRC) system , the new Native Away from-Diesel Step , as well as in 2018 this new CleanBC package revealed the prospective to attenuate by the 2030 the fresh new diesel consumption in off-grid teams by 80%

Suspicion about substitution benefits to own timber points is analyzed of the having fun with large and you can low substitution professionals for sawnwood and panels. A recently available report about degree having analyzed replacement pros to have wood , located an average tool displacement component that is within the diversity from philosophy found in this study, however, additional information on displacement activities by the product type and you will nation could be useful, in addition to additional information on stop-uses and you will relevant unit lifetimes (elizabeth.g. [5, 8]). Details about replacing advantages to possess pulp and you will paper is restricted, so we thought there was no replacement benefit, but considering the ratio from C contained in this classification (25% so you’re able to 34% of wood products), refining this type of facts may have large influences on the web GHG prevention. Regardless of the concerns regarding the real magnitude off replacement professionals, all of our show clearly show that deeper minimization positives can be done using procedures one to (1) increase the C preservation amount of time in harvested wood situations from the favouring long-lived over brief-stayed things and additionally bioenergy, and you will (2) enable the the means to access wood factors to change emission-intensive material, e.grams. regarding the strengthening market.

Yet not, no improvement in markets pricing out-of HWP is assumed in every condition since the HWP costs are constantly influenced by large-measure areas if you’re log avenues are apparently local

In terms of the economic analyses, similar studies have compared mitigation costs for various mitigation scenarios at the national scale and for specific activities [45, 56, 68]. In this study, we used regionally differentiated economic assumptions by three broad regions (northern interior, southern interior, coastal region) as well as at the timber supply area (TSA) level for the Bioenergy scenarios in order to capture the spatial variation in market price and production cost (Additional file 1: Table S9). The cost and price assumptions associated with the bioenergy scenarios and the substitution effects were TSA-specific depending on residue availability, bioenergy facility type, transportation distance (simple estimates), and fuel mix. We assumed that log prices would be affected if harvest shifted among log grades due to mitigation scenarios. For example, the Higher Recovery scenario was assumed to increase the proportion of logs in lower grades and thus reduce overall average log prices, while the Restricted Harvest scenario was assumed to decrease the portion of top-grade logs, and therefore also reduce overall average log prices. Costs related to forest management were affected if harvest activities were altered by mitigation scenarios, for instance, logging costs increased in conservation scenarios because more dispersed cut blocks were needed to keep the same harvest characteristics (e.g., diameters, tree species, etc.). We also assumed a fixed $50/tCO2e carbon price over the entire period for slashburning as a penalty in the baseline to reflect a possible policy change to include slashburning in BC’s existing carbon pricing . Manufacturing costs were also impacted by changes in production efficiency that then depend on the availability of input materials. Additional recovered fiber under Higher Utilization was assumed to be used in HWP following the same proportions as in the baseline, thus a lower manufacturing cost was assumed for pulp and paper production due to higher efficiency, but a higher manufacturing cost for solid wood products because of lower log quality. Similarly, higher manufacturing costs were assumed for all HWP in the conservation scenarios due to lower efficiency. In the LLP scenario, we assumed economy of scales increased manufacturing costs of pulp and paper (+ 2%) and decreased costs for solid wood products (? 2%) .

Tamnoon
Author: Tamnoon

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